Marinus van der Lubbe was accussed of setting fire to the Reichstag on February 27th, 1933. He was sentenced to death and beheaded on January 10th, 1934. Historians believe the arson was planned by the Nazis as a false flag operation. On January 8th, 2008 a German court ruled that the sentence against Van der Lubbe had to be withdrawn stating he was not guilty of the crime that gave Hitler the opportunity to implement the Reichstag Decrees with which democracy was put out of order.
Dutchman Marinus van der Lubbe, a former independent communist, was found in the burning building of the Reichstag February 27, 1933. The court found Van der Lubbe guilty and sentenced him to death. Shortly after he was decapitated. The rest of the defendants were acquitted, but the government left them in jail.