Pearl Buck (1892-1973), writer, civil rights activist, winner 1938 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born Hillsboro, West Virginia to missionary parents. Taken to China at 3 months old. Graduated Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, VA, Phi Beta Kappa, 1914. Masters from Cornell University in 1925. In 1949, outraged that existing adoption services considered Asian and mixed-race children unadoptable, Buck established Welcome House, Inc., the first international, interracial adoption agency.

Pearl Sydenstricker Buck, also known by her Chinese name Sai Zhenzhu, was an American writer and novelist. As the daughter of missionaries, Buck spent most of her life before 1934 in China. Her most famous book was The Good Earth.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1964: Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin. Prize motivation: "for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances"

Dorothy Mary Hodgkin, OM, FRS May 1910 – 29 July née Crowfoot, was a British biochemist, credited with the development of protein crystallography. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in

Marie Curie - 1st female professor at Paris U, winner of two Nobel prizes - which she donated, discovery of two elements as well as radioactivity

Marie Skłodowska-Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the only woman to date to win in two fields, and the only person to win in multiple sciences.

Toni Morrison  ~ novelist -      The first African American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature and winner of the Pulitzer Prize. Her enthralling books illuminate the mysteries of the human heart and unflinchingly take on the toughest issues.

125 Most Influential Women

Toni Morrison NOVELIST The first African American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature; winner of the Pulitzer Prize. Her enthralling books illuminate the mysteries of the human heart and unflinchingly take on the toughest issues.

Elizabeth H. Blackburn Nobel Prize winner for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telemeres and the enzyme telomerase.

Elizabeth H. Blackburn-------The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009 was awarded jointly to Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase".

The Nobel Peace Prize 2011: Leymah Gbowee. Prize motivation: for her "non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"

Leymah Gbowee Born: 1972 Residence at the time of the award: Liberia Prize motivation: "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work" Field: Women's rights, peace movement

John Steinbeck, Nobel Prize Winner, Riverton, CT 1985 by Bill Eppridge

American novelist John Steinbeck Nobel Prize winner for "The Grapes of Wrath"

Selma Lagerlöf - Nobel prize winner in Litterature

Selma Lagerlöf, 1858 - first woman to win the Nobel Prize for literature in author of "one of the most charming children's book in any language: Nils Holgerssons underbara resa genom Sverige [The Wonderful Adventures of Nils].

Knut Hamsun (August 4, 1859 – February 19, 1952) Norwegian writer (Nobel Prize winner in Literature in 1920).

Knut Hamsun (August 1859 – February Norwegian writer (Nobel Prize winner in Literature in

Alice Munro (Nobel Prize in Literature 2013)  (b. 1931) is a Canadian author writing in English. Munro's work has been described as having revolutionized the architecture of short stories, especially in its tendency to move forward and backward in time.

Alice Munro (Nobel Prize in Literature (b. is a Canadian author writing in English. Munro's work has been described as having revolutionized the architecture of short stories, especially in its tendency to move forward and backward in time.

Herta Muller - Nobel Prize in Literature 2009 - born Romania, residence at time of award Germany - "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"

HERTA MÜLLER - Nobel Prize in Literature 2009 - born Romania, residence at time of award Germany - "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"

nobel peace prize winners

Asia's Nobel Peace Prize Laureates

Since twelve Asian people have won Nobel Peace Prizes. See the prize winners, and learn more about the reasons they were honored.

Dario Fo, The Nobel Prize in Literature 1997: "who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden", drama

The Nobel Prize in Literature Mr. The Nobel Prize in Literature 1997 was awarded to Dario Fo "who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden".

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