Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA) is the area that synthesizes dopamine, which then sends to nucleus accumbens. Nucelus accumbens is the pleasure center, and it is stimulated by the neurotransmitter dopamine from VTA. VTA also sends dopamine to prefrontal cortex which regulates and controls these impulses. The locus coeruleus is the area packed with norepinephrine; and when stimulated by a lack of the addictive substance, will drives the person to do anything necessary to obtain a fix.

Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA) is the area that synthesizes dopamine, which then sends to nucleus accumbens. Nucelus accumbens is the pleasure center, and it is stimulated by the neurotransmitter dopamine from VTA. VTA also sends dopamine to prefrontal cortex which regulates and controls these impulses. The locus coeruleus is the area packed with norepinephrine; and when stimulated by a lack of the addictive substance, will drives the person to do anything necessary to obtain a fix.

Locations of the substantia nigra and the ventral tegmental area in the midbrain

Researchers at the University of North Carolina (UNC) School of Medicine have discovered an area in the brain responsible for triggering attraction and causing us to notice the opposite sex.

Activity in the Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA) due to satisfaction from LOVE

Activity in the Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA) due to satisfaction from LOVE

The major dopamine pathways in the brain are involved in motor control, motivation, and reward. Dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) project to the frontal cortex, nucleus accumbens, and other areas, and these neurons play an important role in motivation and reward. Motor control is governed by dopamine pathways from the substantia nigra to the striatum.

The image shows the dopamine pathway with the nucleus accumbens and frontal cortex highlighted.

Better fathers have smaller testicles When men were shown photos of their own children, those rated as better fathers by their female partners had more activity in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of the brain, part of its reward system. Men with larger testes were rated lower in surveys of their parenting involvement and had less activity in the VTA. Because testes size is correlated with sperm count, Rilling and his team took the size as a measure of mating effort

Better fathers have smaller testicles When men were shown photos of their own children, those rated as better fathers by their female partners had more activity in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of the brain, part of its reward system. Men with larger testes were rated lower in surveys of their parenting involvement and had less activity in the VTA. Because testes size is correlated with sperm count, Rilling and his team took the size as a measure of mating effort

The ventral tegmental area (VTA), a group of neurons at the very centre of the brain, plays an especially important role in this circuit. The VTA receives information from several other regions that tell it how well various fundamental needs, and more specifically human needs, are being satisfied.

Brain model including amygdala and prefrontal cortex. Public domain per wikimedia commons.

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a severe mental disorder that affects more than 121 million people worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. Maintenance of healthy mental function is known to be closely associated with the dopaminergic pathways, specifically from the dopamine (DA) neurons of the ventral tegmental area (VTA) in the reward circuitry

Boosting depression-causing mechanisms in brain increases resilience, surprisingly -- ScienceDaily

WELL CONNECTED  Neurons (green) in the lateral hypothalamus connect with those in the ventral tegmental area of mice’s brains to contribute to compulsive sugar consumption.  ~~ Courtesy of Edward Nieh/MIT

Newly identified brain circuit could be target for treating obesity

WELL CONNECTED Neurons (green) in the lateral hypothalamus connect with those in the ventral tegmental area of mice’s brains to contribute to compulsive sugar consumption. ~~ Courtesy of Edward Nieh/MIT

Early life stress confers lifelong stress susceptibility in mice via ventral tegmental area OTX2 | Science

Early life stress confers lifelong stress susceptibility in mice via ventral tegmental area

BrainMind.com

Neuroscience: Key anatomical areas highlighting some of the Basal Ganglia involved in voluntary motor movements

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