SEAL MATRIX St Mary Magdalene Leper Hospital Seal matrix of the Religious House and Leper Hospital of St Mary Magdalene, Mile End. This vesica-shaped (pointed oval) seal matrix has a legend in black letters: ‘Sigillu domus dei et sce marie magdelene iuxta myle ende’. The appearance of Jesus Christ to St Mary Magdalene is shown in the centre.  Production Date: Late Medieval-Tudor; late 15th-early 16th century

Reverse of a lozenge-shaped seal: century Description: Reverse of a lozenge-shaped seal with an inscription around the edge. In the centre on the right is the figure of Christ holding a spade. Kneeling before Him on the left is Mary Magdalene.

seal stamp 1350-1450 Dimensions h. 3.7 x w. 2.8 cm Material and technique bronze

seal stamp Dimensions h. cm Material and technique bronze

seal stamp 1450-1550 Dimensions diam. 3.3 cm Material and technique bronze

cm Material and technique bronze

Seal matrix, engraved with an Agnus Dei (Lamb of God). There is an inscription in Lombardic letters around the edge: '+S'WILLI FABRI D'SVWERC', meaning 'seal of William, blacksmith of Southwark'. The word 'fabri' meant blacksmith in the medieval period. It comes from the Latin word 'faber' meaning 'maker' or 'smith'. William would have used the matrix to press into wax to seal and authenticate documents.  Production Date: Early Medieval; 13th century

Seal matrix, engraved with an Agnus Dei (Lamb of God). There is an inscription in Lombardic letters around the edge: '+S'WILLI FABRI D'SVWERC', meaning 'seal of William, blacksmith of Southwark'. The word 'fabri' meant blacksmith in the medieval period. It comes from the Latin word 'faber' meaning 'maker' or 'smith'. William would have used the matrix to press into wax to seal and authenticate documents. Production Date: Early Medieval; 13th century

Seal matrix Seal matrix, engraved with a star and crescent. There is an inscription in Lombardic letters around the edge: 'S' MARG' FIL ALVRADI', meaning 'seal of Margaret daughter of Alfred'. This seal matrix seems to belong to a medieval businesswoman who would have used the matrix to press into wax to seal and authenticate documents.  Production Date: Early Medieval; 13th century

Seal matrix Seal matrix, engraved with a star and crescent. There is an inscription in Lombardic letters around the edge: 'S' MARG' FIL ALVRADI', meaning 'seal of Margaret daughter of Alfred'. This seal matrix seems to belong to a medieval businesswoman who would have used the matrix to press into wax to seal and authenticate documents. Production Date: Early Medieval; 13th century

Seal matrix This vesica-shaped (pointed oval) seal matrix belonged to Bishop Thomas Barry. It is engraved with the design of a seated bishop under a canopy with the Trinity above and a praying bishop below. The seated bishop is flanked by two shields of arms (chief indented and barry of seven). Around the edge is an inscription in black letter: ':sigillu:thome:dei:/:gracia:ossorien:epi'.  Production Date: Late Medieval; early 15th century

Seal matrix This vesica-shaped (pointed oval) seal matrix belonged to Bishop Thomas Barry. It is engraved with the design of a seated bishop under a canopy with the Trinity above and a praying bishop below. The seated bishop is flanked by two shields of arms (chief indented and barry of seven). Around the edge is an inscription in black letter: ':sigillu:thome:dei:/:gracia:ossorien:epi'. Production Date: Late Medieval; early 15th century

Seal matrix Seal matrix from the religious house of St James Cripplegate. It is vesica-shaped (pointed oval) with a pierced lug on the back. The seal matrix is engraved with the design of St James standing under a canopy. Around the edge is an inscription in black letter: 'S.sce.jacobi:apostoli.infra,crepulgat'. Sealed documents underlined the power and authority of the church. Every religious house had a unique seal for authenticating documents.  Production Date: Late Medieval; 15th century

Seal matrix Seal matrix from the religious house of St James Cripplegate. It is vesica-shaped (pointed oval) with a pierced lug on the back. The seal matrix is engraved with the design of St James standing under a canopy. Around the edge is an inscription in black letter: 'S.sce.jacobi:apostoli.infra,crepulgat'. Sealed documents underlined the power and authority of the church. Every religious house had a unique seal for authenticating documents. Production Date: Late Medieval; 15th century

Seal matrix This fine silver seal die shows the Assumption (raising to heaven) of the Virgin Mary. She stands in a cloud of glory surrounded by angels, with God above her head. The Latin inscription 'Sigillum: communitatis misteri: braciatorum: londini:' ('seal of the community of the mystery of brewers of London') runs around the die, with a scroll of barley ears.  Production Date: Late Medieval; mid 15th century

Seal matrix This fine silver seal die shows the Assumption (raising to heaven) of the Virgin Mary. She stands in a cloud of glory surrounded by angels, with God above her head. The Latin inscription 'Sigillum: communitatis misteri: braciatorum: londini:' ('seal of the community of the mystery of brewers of London') runs around the die, with a scroll of barley ears. Production Date: Late Medieval; mid 15th century

Seal matrix Circular seal, with a small pierced handle, bearing the design of a figure of a king with a sceptre standing within a traceried opening. The shield of arms of England is in front. There is a fleur-de-lis over one shoulder and between the king's legs. Around the edge of the seal is a Latin legend in black letter: 'Ricardus : dei : gracia : rex : angl :' (meaning 'Richard, by the grace of God, King of England').  Production Date: Late Medieval; late 14th-15th century

Seal matrix Circular seal, with a small pierced handle, bearing the design of a figure of a king with a sceptre standing within a traceried opening. The shield of arms of England is in front. There is a fleur-de-lis over one shoulder and between the king's legs. Around the edge of the seal is a Latin legend in black letter: 'Ricardus : dei : gracia : rex : angl :' (meaning 'Richard, by the grace of God, King of England'). Production Date: Late Medieval; late 14th-15th century

Cloth seal A complete London lead cloth seal. One disc depicts the head of St Paul in a double, six arched tressure, with a legend 'S'VLNAGII PANNORVM IN CIVITATE LONDON' (meaning 'seal of alnage of cloths in the City of London') around in Lombardic lettering. The reverse disc has a crown within a six-arched tressure with, 'S'SVBSIDII PANNORVM IN CIVITATE LONDON' (meaning 'seal of subsidy of cloths in the City of London) around.  Production Date: Late Medieval; 15th century

Cloth seal A complete London lead cloth seal. One disc depicts the head of St Paul in a double, six arched tressure, with a legend 'S'VLNAGII PANNORVM IN CIVITATE LONDON' (meaning 'seal of alnage of cloths in the City of London') around in Lombardic lettering. The reverse disc has a crown within a six-arched tressure with, 'S'SVBSIDII PANNORVM IN CIVITATE LONDON' (meaning 'seal of subsidy of cloths in the City of London) around. Production Date: Late Medieval; 15th century

Cloth seal London cloth seal. Cloth seals were used in a system of quality control and taxation for the textile industry. Cloths were examined for quality by an alnager and a tax (subsidy) was paid to the king of a few pence per piece of cloth. Seals were then attached to the cloth to show they had been examined and the tax had been paid. Most types of cloth could not be legally sold without their alnage seal attached.  Production Date: Late Medieval; late 15th century

Cloth seal London cloth seal. Cloth seals were used in a system of quality control and taxation for the textile industry. Cloths were examined for quality by an alnager and a tax (subsidy) was paid to the king of a few pence per piece of cloth. Seals were then attached to the cloth to show they had been examined and the tax had been paid. Most types of cloth could not be legally sold without their alnage seal attached. Production Date: Late Medieval; late 15th century

Lead cloth seal from Malines (Mechelen) in Belgium. It is stamped on one side with the legend 'EPS. LEODI' around a shield with three pales (this refers to the bishop-prince of Liege, whose authority was acknowledged by Malines from 1305 onwards). On the other side is the legend 'FLO.BERTHVL' around a crozier (this refers to Florent or Floris Berthoult, one of the most important lords in the Malines area, who lived from around 1275 to 1331).  Production Date: late 14th-early 15th century

Lead cloth seal from Malines (Mechelen) in Belgium. It is stamped on one side with the legend 'EPS. LEODI' around a shield with three pales (this refers to the bishop-prince of Liege, whose authority was acknowledged by Malines from 1305 onwards). On the other side is the legend 'FLO.BERTHVL' around a crozier (this refers to Florent or Floris Berthoult, one of the most important lords in the Malines area, who lived from around 1275 to 1331). Production Date: late 14th-early 15th century

Merchant's seal bearing a shield of arms (a boar's head couped on a bend sinister, with a crest of a helmet with a boar's head) and an inscription in Lombardic letters: 'IOhNE TYWETFELDE'. Indispensable for business, personal seals and signet rings were used to authenticate legal and financial transactions. Merchants' rings were often engraved with a monogram or distinctive device that identified their goods and property.  Production Date: Late Medieval; late 14th-early 15th century

Merchant's seal bearing a shield of arms (a boar's head couped on a bend sinister, with a crest of a helmet with a boar's head) and an inscription in Lombardic letters: 'IOhNE TYWETFELDE'. Indispensable for business, personal seals and signet rings were used to authenticate legal and financial transactions. Merchants' rings were often engraved with a monogram or distinctive device that identified their goods and property. Production Date: Late Medieval; late 14th-early 15th century

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