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The Sumerian King List (The Weld-Blundell Prism) lists a succession of kings and cities from Sumer, which begins with mythical kings, like Gilgamesh, and then goes on to list historical leaders. It is considered a key document in the decipherment of cuneiform. ca. 2000-1800 BCE

The Sumerian King List (The Weld-Blundell Prism) lists a succession of kings and cities from Sumer, which begins with mythical kings, like Gilgamesh, and then goes on to list historical leaders.

Stele with the laws of Hammurabi (DETAIL), from Susa, Iran, Babylonian, ca. 1780 BCE. Basalt, 7'4" high.

Detail of stele of Hammurabi: Shamash, the supreme sun god and judge, offers to Hammurabi the rod and ring that symbolize authority. These symbols are apparently derived from builders' tools --measuring stick and coiled rope.

"Lions of Assyria" - stone carving, British Museum (lion hunt, the royal sport of Assyrian kings)

Ashurnasirpal II Killing Lions "Lions of Assyria" - an entire wall of stone carvings at the British Museum depicting a lion hunt, the royal sport of Assyrian kings. Unbelievable to see up close and in person.

Lyres from The Royal Tombs of Ur (ca 2550 BCE). - Ur (Sumerian: Urim) was an important Sumerian city-state in ancient Mesopotamia located at the site of modern Tell el-Muqayyar in Iraq's Dhi Qar Governorate.

Lyres from The Royal Tombs of Ur (ca 2550 BCE) (not RCCF calibrated) - Ur (Sumerian: Urim) was an important Sumerian city-state in ancient Mesopotamia located at the site of modern Tell el-Muqayyar in Iraq's Dhi Qar Governorate.

The Nimrud lens is a 3000 year old piece of rock crystal, unearthed by Austen Henry Layard at the Assyrian palace of Nimrud. It may have been used as a magnifying glass, or as a burning-glass to start fires by concentrating sunlight. Assyrian craftsmen made intricate engravings, and could have used such a lens in their work. Italian scientist Giovanni Pettinato of the University of Rome has proposed that the lens was used by the ancient Assyrians as part of a telescope.

Oldest Lens ever found: The Nimrud lens is a 3000 year old piece of rock crystal, which was unearthed by Austen Henry Layard at the Assyrian palace of Nimrud.

Ashur, a Sumerian sky god who was also adopted as the head deity of the Assyrian pantheon. Ashur is pictured as a man riding within a winged sun disc that is almost identical to the one associated with the Shemsu Hor. It is worth remembering that the original Egyptian rendering of Osiris is Ausur, which for all intents and purposes is the same word as Ashur.

Ashur (god) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A Neo-Assyrian "feather robed archer" figure, symbolizing Ashur. The right hand is extended similar to the Faravahar figure, while the left hand holds a bow instead of a ring or century BC relief).