13 Facts About IKEA That Will Blow Your Mind via IKEA isn’t a name, but an acronym. It stands for Ingvar Kamprad (the founder’s name), Elmtaryd (the farm where Kamprad was raised), and Agunnaryd (the Swedish town where Kamprad grew up).
Alvar Aalto and his wife Aino Aalto founded Artek, a Finnish furniture company, in December 1935, to produce the Aaltos' furnishings & glassware. The name Artek was intended to manifest the desire to combine art and technology. This reflects a main concept of the International Style movement, particularly Bauhaus, to "emphasize the technical expertise in production and quality of materials, instead of historical-based, eclectic or frivolous ornamentation." (Wiki)