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1895.  The Art of Dressmaking.  Figure 10 illustrates another style of shell trimming.  This is cut on the bias twice the width it is to be when finished.  It generally has an interlining of crinoline, and is then sewed to the skirt in the same manner as shown in the diagram, i.e., to fasten the raw edge up and down.  Each shell must be tacked to conceal the adjusting.  Length of material required, two and a half times around the skirt, or two and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 10 illustrates another style of shell trimming. This is cut on the bias twice the width it is to be when finished. It generally has an interlining of crinoline, and is then sewed to the skirt in the same manner as shown in the diagram, i.e., to fasten the raw edge up and down. Each shell must be tacked to conceal the adjusting. Length of material required, two and a half times around the skirt, or two and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 15 shows a plain ruffle surmounted by a double roll or twist of velvet.  THe ruffle is cut on the straight of the goods, and the velvet bias.  Cut two strips of the velvet and twist one with the other, being careful that all raw edges are hidden.  Fasten by tacking to the skirt wherever convenient.  Length of material required for the ruffle, one and a half yards to make one yard.  Of the velvet, one and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 15 shows a plain ruffle surmounted by a double roll or twist of velvet. THe ruffle is cut on the straight of the goods, and the velvet bias. Cut two strips of the velvet and twist one with the other, being careful that all raw edges are hidden. Fasten by tacking to the skirt wherever convenient. Length of material required for the ruffle, one and a half yards to make one yard. Of the velvet, one and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895.  The Art of Dressmaking.    Figure 5 wide shell plaiting.  Take a double strip of material as wide as desired, and make groups of three overlapping plaits in it at equal intervals, tacking the plaits only at the centre of the strip.  Catch the top and bottom of the outer fold in each cluster of plaits together, and tack them at this point to the centre of the next group of plaits, to form a shell.  Length of material required, two and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 5 wide shell plaiting. Take a double strip of material as wide as desired, and make groups of three overlapping plaits in it at equal intervals, tacking the plaits only at the centre of the strip. Catch the top and bottom of the outer fold in each cluster of plaits together, and tack them at this point to the centre of the next group of plaits, to form a shell. Length of material required, two and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895.  The Art of Dressmaking.  Figure 9 shows the top skirt slashed to fall over a plain knife plaiting.  Each slash is then cut away as shown in the diagram, and a bias piece of material is tacked across to give a finish.  These slashes should be interlined with crinoline and an extra facing added.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 9 shows the top skirt slashed to fall over a plain knife plaiting. Each slash is then cut away as shown in the diagram, and a bias piece of material is tacked across to give a finish. These slashes should be interlined with crinoline and an extra facing added.

1895.  The Art of Dressmaking.  Figure 36 illustrates narrow festooned ruffles.  These are cut on the bias of the goods, the edges being finished to suit one's taste.  Length of material required to make one ruffle, two yards for one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 36 illustrates narrow festooned ruffles. These are cut on the bias of the goods, the edges being finished to suit one's taste. Length of material required to make one ruffle, two yards for one yard of trimming.

1895.  The Art of Dressmaking.  Figure 4 is an exceedingly pretty and simple plaiting.  The strip of materials is caught at intervals in groups of three overlapping plaits sewed just a little below the top, the folds of the uppermost plaits being securely tacked to position at the bottom, to produce a flaring effect.  Length of material required, two and a half times around the skirt, or two and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 4 is an exceedingly pretty and simple plaiting. The strip of materials is caught at intervals in groups of three overlapping plaits sewed just a little below the top, the folds of the uppermost plaits being securely tacked to position at the bottom, to produce a flaring effect. Length of material required, two and a half times around the skirt, or two and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895.  The Art of Dressmaking.  Figure 42 shows a double box-plaited ruffle, with the upper edge tacked down as illustrated.  Length of material required, two and a half times around the skirt, or two and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 42 shows a double box-plaited ruffle, with the upper edge tacked down as illustrated. Length of material required, two and a half times around the skirt, or two and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895.  The Art of Dressmaking.  Figure 46 represents a double headed puff.  The material is cut bias and gathered,t he puff to be arranged while adjusting it to the garment.  Length of material required, one and three-quarter times around the skirt, or one and three-quarter yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 46 represents a double headed puff. The material is cut bias and gathered,t he puff to be arranged while adjusting it to the garment. Length of material required, one and three-quarter times around the skirt, or one and three-quarter yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895.  The Art of Dressmaking.  Figure 39 represents a bias piece of material cut in double loops at equal intervals.  This garniture looks well at the very edge of a skirt, or as a finish for a pleating or ruffle.  Length of material required, two and one-fourth times around a skirt, or two and one-quarter yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 39 represents a bias piece of material cut in double loops at equal intervals. This garniture looks well at the very edge of a skirt, or as a finish for a pleating or ruffle. Length of material required, two and one-fourth times around a skirt, or two and one-quarter yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895.  The Art of Dressmaking.  Figure 32 shows a double puff headed by points of heavy lace.  The puffs are cut on the bias and sewed upon the skirt from the bottom up, the upper one concealing the edge of the lower one.  The top edge of the upper puff is turned in and slip-stitched to position.  Length of material required for each puff, one and a half times around the skirt, or one and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 32 shows a double puff headed by points of heavy lace. The puffs are cut on the bias and sewed upon the skirt from the bottom up, the upper one concealing the edge of the lower one. The top edge of the upper puff is turned in and slip-stitched to position. Length of material required for each puff, one and a half times around the skirt, or one and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

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