Amulet with a Lamashtu demon Amulett mit Dämon Lamashtu, Kalkstei, 700-600.vor Chr. Neu-Babylonisch, Mesopotamien Metropolitan Museum
The Dogue de Bordeaux belongs to the hound group of Molossers. “ The name originates from the dog breed Molossus which lived in c. 700BC. The Assyrians (a nation that historically lived in central and north Mesopotamia, an area now known as Irak) used the Molossers as guard and hunting dogs, which is portrayed in paintings and carvings from this time.One of the first written descriptions dates from 326BC and describes a large dog with stubby, broad teeth.
relief showing the exorcism of a sick man tormented by the goddess Lamashtu Assyria 8th c. BC
1788-18568Relief of hunting scene with dogs and traps, from Nineveh
Horn with a tip in the form of a half-figure of a dog. Mid-5th century BC. Semibratny burial mound 4. Kuban basin, Russia. Gold
The Babylonians believed that the demoness Lamashtu was responsible for still births and cot-deaths. A woman would have worn this quartzite stone amulet (now broken) during pregnancy and labour so that the fierce demons on it, and the incantation on the back, would scare Lamashtu away.