DDR (East Germany), 1953. The Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation was a youth organisation of schoolchildren aged 6 to 14, in East Germany. They were named after Ernst Thälmann, the former leader of the Communist Party of Germany who was executed at the Buchenwald concentration camp.
GDR (German Democratic Republic - Deutsche Demokratische Republik), 1966. Ernst Thälmann (1886–1944) was the leader of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) during much of the Weimar Republic. He was arrested by the Gestapo in 1933 and held in solitary confinement for eleven years, before being shot in Buchenwald on Adolf Hitler's orders, in 1944.