Régiment Royal Roussillon 1756, by T. Payton. The regiment was raised at Perpignan in the French province of Roussillon on May 25 1657 by Cardinal Mazarin under the name of "Catalan-Mazarin". In 1661, the regiment was renamed "Royal Catalan". On January 27, 1667, the regiment was named Royal-Roussillon. During the Seven Years' War, in 1756, the 1st Battalion was sent to Canada, while the 2nd Battalion remained in Europe.