China -Chinese Nobility
This "Portrait of Consort Zhuang in court costume" (莊妃朝服像) painted on a paper scroll (92 x 53 cm) represents Bumbutai (1613–1688), a Khorchin Mongol of the Borjigit clan who was one of the wives of Hong Taiji (1592–1643), the second emperor of the Qing dynasty. Named "Consort Zhuang" in 1636, she became empress dowager when her five-year-old son Fulin succeeded Hong Taiji as the Shunzhi Emperor in 1643. She is known posthumously as Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, circa between 1636 and 1643.
Empress Dowager Ci An. Empress Dowager Tzu-an (慈安皇太后), 20 August 1837 – 8 April 1881), popularly known in China as the East Empress Dowager ( 東太后), was the second Empress Consort of the Xianfeng Emperor (b. 1831 – d.1861) of the Manchu Qing Dynasty in China, and then Empress Dowager after 1861. She is known for being co-de facto ruler of China with Empress Dowager Cixi for 20 years.