For the Mandala flower, here is a step-by-step photo gallery. To do this you start at step 1 with 7 strings attached and 6 with Einhängeschlingen on 7 folded thread. Other threads are then inserted by most of us with an ordinary shoelace knot.
How to make tiny pom poms with a fork. Wrap yarn around fork until fat, then cut. Take a small piece of yarn and tie entire bunch together so that the knot fits through the prongs of the fork. Take off of fork and cut all the loops.